About Infinity

Since our founding in 2002, Infinity has focused many years of combined military and space fuel cell experience designing the next generation of air-independent fuel cells and regenerative fuel cells. With the support of NASA and several other US government agencies, we have achieved key breakthroughs in fuel cell design that have significantly reduced the complexity of these systems and dramatically improved performance and reliability.

History Timeline

- Technology History - Company History
  • technology

    Early 1800s Electrolysis Discovered

    Humphry Davy found that by passing an electric current through water it would chemically decompose into its constituent elements of hydrogen and oxygen.

  • technology

    1839 Gas Voltaic Battery

    Sir William Grove discovered it is possible to generate electricity by reversing the electrolysis of water.

  • technology

    1958 PEM Fuel Cell Development Begins For Space Begins

    Willard Thomas Grubb and Leonard Niedrach, scientists working at General Electric, began working on Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells for NASA.

  • technology

    1959 Bacon Cell Demonstration

    After years of experimentation with various alkaline electrolytes, Francis Thomas Bacon demonstrated a 5-6 kW version of his fuel cell, utilizing a potassium hydroxide electrolyte (KOH) rather than the acid-based electrolytes known since Grove’s early work.

  • technology

    Early 1960s Alkaline Fuel Cell Development For Space Begins

    Pratt & Whitney, a division of United Technologies, licensed Bacon’s alkaline fuel cell technology and developed the fuel cell used by NASA for powering all the Apollo missions.

  • technology

    1965-1966 PEM Fuel Cells First In Space

    NASA’s Gemini program was comprised of 12 missions. The first several missions were battery powered; Gemini V thru Gemini XII were powered by General Electric’s PEM fuel cell.

  • technology

    1966-1972 Alkaline Fuel Cells Power Apollo

    Every manned Apollo mission was powered by UTC’s alkaline fuel cell technology. Three fuel cell stacks were installed into each service module, providing all the power and water required by the vehicle and crew.

  • technology

    1981-2011 Alkaline Fuel Cells Power Space Shuttle

    All Space Shuttle Orbiters were powered by three alkaline fuel cell stacks provided by United Technology Corporation. All power and water requirements were satisfied by these fuel cells during the entire length of each mission.

  • company

    Infinity Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Founded

    Founded to design and develop PEM fuel cell and electrolysis systems for space, aircraft, underwater, and renewable energy applications.

  • company

    Infinity Begins Development Of An Air Independent Fuel Cell

    Working with the University of Connecticut’s Center for Clean Energy Engineering, Infinity delivers a proof of concept air independent fuel cell stack to NASA Glenn Research Center for preliminary testing as part of SBIR Phase I and II programs. This is the first test of Infinity’s cell and membrane technology designed to operate in the demanding environment of space flight.

  • company

    Infinity Delivers a Mobile Renewable Energy Demonstrator

    Working with funding from the State of Connecticut’s Clean Energy Fund, the Infinity team, along with Schlumberger’s Doll Research Center and the University of Connecticut’s Center for Clean Energy Engineering, develops a mobile renewable energy system demonstrator. Based on Infinity’s XStorra® I electrolyzer system, it is capable of providing 1.5 kW of power from solar during the day while generating and storing hydrogen for 3 kW of nighttime fuel cell power.

  • company

    Infinity Develops Modular Renewable Energy System

    Infinity delivers its XStorra® I regenerative fuel cell system to the US Navy’s China Lake Naval Air Weapons Center for a modular laboratory demonstration at their facility. This is a 3 kW fuel cell with a 1.5 kW electrolyzer capable of storing 150 psi (10 bar) hydrogen from input solar power.

  • company

    Infinity Develops Its Advanced Product Water Removal (APWR) Fuel Cell

    Infinity builds upon its prior air independent fuel cell development to deliver prototype technology to NASA Glenn Research Center designed to remove the product water generated by the fuel cell during operation within each cell. This will allow for the removal of complex balance of system hardware typically used for removing water, increasing overall reliability of the fuel cell system.

  • company

    Infinity Delivers Its Prototype Advanced Cathode Electrolyzer

    Infinity delivered to NASA Glenn Research Center a new concept in hydrogen generation designed to provide minimal balance of system, increased reliability, and ultimately reduced cost.

  • company

    High Pressure Electrolyzer for Regenerative Fuel Cell Systems

    Infinity delivers a high pressure electrolyzer stack to the Defense Logistics Agency as part of a BAA contract for the development of regenerative fuel cell systems. This hardware is capable of delivering 2,000 psi (138 bar) hydrogen direct to storage tanks, eliminating one to two stages of compression in the overall system.

  • company

    Field Demonstration At Arizona Test Site

    Infinity demonstrates its larger fuel cell stack during NASA’s rover field testing at Arizona site. This fuel cell stack is capable of delivering a higher current output leading to much larger power delivery capability.

  • company

    Renewable Energy System

    Infinity delivers an XStorra II regenerative fuel cell system to the US Navy’s China Lake Naval Air Warfare Center for demonstration in their laboratories. This is a modular 8 kW fuel cell with 2000 psi (138 bar) electrolyzer with solar power input capable of supplying 250 kWh of hydrogen storage.

  • company

    Infinity Demonstrates Integrated Fuel Cell Stack Technology

    Infinity completes testing on an air independent fuel cell stack designed with integrated humidification and degasification sections, eliminating external components typically used for these purposes. Included within this design is a novel reactant flow scheme and the ability to monitor reactant quality to regulate reactant purging and increase hydrogen utilization.

  • company

    R&D 100 Award

    For development of a Non Flow Through (NFT) fuel cell system with Advanced Product Water Removal (APWR) for air independent applications, eliminating moving parts, reducing system size, and improving reliability.

  • company

    Infinity Completes Testing of 1 kW Air Independent Fuel Cell

    Testing is completed on a 1 kW fuel cell stack running on hydrogen and oxygen. This testing, done for NASA Glenn Research Center, demonstrates the ability of Infinity’s technology to power space vehicles in future programs.

  • company

    Underwater Drone Fuel Cell

    The US Navy’s Naval Underwater Warfare Center in Newport, Rhode Island awards Infinity a sole source contract to deliver an air independent fuel cell system. The fuel cell is run on hydrogen reactant evolved from Hydrogen Peroxide storage.

  • company

    Underwater Drone Fuel Cell Power System

    With funding from the US Navy’s Office of Naval Research, the team of General Atomics and Infinity is selected for the development of a long endurance energy system to be designed and built for the Navy’s Large Diameter Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (LDUUV). This vehicle will be required to stay submerged for 70 days

  • company

    Mobile Renewable Energy System

    Infinity delivers a mobile version of its XStorra III renewable energy system to the US Navy’s China Naval Air Warfare Center. This is a two trailer system designed to provide 8 kW of fuel cell power while utilizing 5 kW of solar power for high pressure hydrogen generation at 2000 psi (138 bar) and 50 kWh of energy storage.

  • company

    Award for Group Achievement

    NASA awards the Infinity and Glenn Research Center team for the highly successful development of a revolutionary new fuel cell system that will benefit future missions and also have major impact on non-aerospace portable power systems.

  • company

    Fuel Cell for Rover Power

    Successful test of prototype rover at NASA Glenn Research Center powered by an Infinity 100 W air independent fuel cell power system.

  • company

    Award for Distinguished Achievement

    The Engineer’s Council recognizes the Infinity and NASA Glenn Research Center team with an Award for Distinguished Achievement for the development of a Non Flow Through Fuel Cell Power System.

  • company

    Infinity Tests 3 kW Air Independent Fuel Cell Stack

    Infinity completes testing on a 3 kW version of its air independent fuel cell technology, demonstrating its ability to provide a large amount of power in a relatively small volume for spacecraft or underwater applications.

  • company

    Fuel Cell System with Heat Pipe Thermal Management

    Infinity delivers a prototype fuel cell stack incorporating a heat pipe thermal management system for testing at NASA Glenn Research Center.

  • company

    Infinity Delivers Advanced Cathode Electrolyzer For Testing

    Infinity delivers to NASA Glenn Research Center a novel full electrolyzer stack product for testing to prove out the ability of this system to produce hydrogen at a fraction of the cost of more traditional electrolysis products.

  • company

    Infinity fuel cell stack completes 1,100 hour continuous test

    Infinity delivers the first large fuel cell stack to the Office of Naval Research’s LDUUV program for preliminary testing. This is a 138 cell stack with 10 kW power output capability.

  • company

    Fuel Cell for Rover Power

    Successful test of an Infinity 1 kW fuel cell system powering the prototype SCARAB rover at NASA Glenn Research Center.

  • company

    Underwater Drone Fuel Cell

    The US Navy’s Office of Naval Research awards a follow-on Phase II contract to the team of General Atomics, and Infinity to continue development and testing of the energy system for the Large Diameter Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (LDUUV).

  • company

    Infinity Fuel Cell Stack Completes Space Environmental Testing

    An Infinity 1 kW fuel cell stack has successfully completed vacuum and vibration testing at NASA Glenn Research Center. This achievement leads to a Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of 6, readying the technology for further spaceflight testing.

  • company

    Lightweight Fuel Cell Power for Aerial Drones

    Infinity completes an SBIR Phase I program for NASA Goddard Spaceflight Center and Glenn Research Center delivering a concept design for a lightweight fuel cell energy system designed specifically for powering small drone aircraft.